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Best places to visit in Rome, Italy

Rome ... the eternal city. The legend says that Rome was founded by two twins - Romulus and Remus. When they were born Amulius outcast them and left them to die in the Tiber river. They were rescued by a wolf (Lupa Capitolina). She suckled them and took care of them until a shepherd and his wife (Faustulus and Acca Larentia) found and raised the twins as shepherds.

Rome was the capital of the Rome Empire. Rome was the first city with population of about a million people. It growed steadily during the 3rd, 2nd and 1st century BC and was the largest city in the world at the time. One of the symbols of Rome is the Colosseum. It was built at about 70-80 AD and was the largest amphitheatre built in the Roman Empire. It was so big that it was even used to host simulated sea battles. Poets say that the Colosseum could be transformed from dry land to a sea very quickly.

Pantheon and Baths of Caracalla are also a memory of that time. By more recent history is National Monument to Vittorio Emmanuel II - the first king of united Italy.

Rome is the home to the Vatican City - the head of the catholic church. St. Peter's Basilica is located in the Vatican City. St. Peter's is the most renowned work of Renaissance architecture. With its 240,000 sq ft St. Peter's Basilica is one of the largest churches in the world. Other famous cultural sites in Vatican City are the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museums.